Yes, Josef Hoffman pioneered Modernism, but as one look at his impressively diverse work will attest to—he’s really a Renaissance Man.
Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe are among those most frequently credited with founding Modernism, and yet let us not forget Josef Hoffman. An Austrian-born architect who established the Vienna Workshops in 1903, the workshop’s goal in turn became the goal of Josef Hoffman pieces—to lift up the role of the craftsman and embrace artistic expression in favor of innovation. The workshops produced primarily homewares which— like Josef Hoffman furniture— were inebted to the Arts and Crafts style. Later, his influences would come to included a machinic edge, eloquently portrayed by his Sitzmaschine chair.